Features of Towel Weaving
Towel Fabrics by the Number of Wefts;
– Three wefts
– Four wefts
– Very Wefted
Towel Fabrics According to Their Weight;
– Very heavy towel fabrics (550 gsm/m2)
– Heavy towel fabrics (450 gsm/m2)
– Medium heavy towel fabrics (350 gsm/m2)
– Lightweight towel fabrics (250 gsm/m2)
Towel Fabrics According to Usage Areas
– Hand towels
– Face towels
– Bath towels
– Turkish bath sets
– Beach towels
– Other accessories
What Are The Factors Affecting Towel Fabric Quality?
– Water retention feature of the towel fabric
– The number of weft of the towel fabric
– The properties of pile, ground and weft threads forming the towel fabric.
– Pile height of the towel,
– Pile strength (durability)
Properties of Yarns Used in Towel Fabric
There are two types of warp threads in the towel. These are ground warp and pile warp yarn
Ground Warp Yarn
These yarns should have the characteristics of double-ply 100% cotton 600–750 turns / m twist. Usually 20/2 and 24/2 Ne yarns are used. In recent years, 12/1 Ne yarns have been used.
Pile Warp Thread
These threads give water retention feature in towels. The pile threads should be very soft. The lengths of the fibers used in the production of pile yarns are 33 mm should be longer than. This is due to the fact that long-staple yarns are less twisted and more robust yarn can be spun than shorter-staple yarns. Although pile yarns are usually single ply, 20/2, 24/2, 18/2 Ne yarns are used for special cases. The yarn numbers usually used should be 16/1, 20/1, 24/1 Ne, combed yarn or carded yarn. The twist of double ply yarns is up to 300 laps / m. Usually 220 to 260 turns / m are used.
Weft yarn 16/1, 20/1 Ne yarns are used. Weft yarn consists of a single layer of cotton yarn. If the towel is desired to be of high quality, ring yarn is preferred. It can be used on openend yarn to cost the towel cheaply. A loose pile or loop warp rests on a stretched basic warp thread. During the weaving process, the pile warp slides over the basic warp so that the loops of the additional warp threads remain on the surface so that pile weaving is obtained.
The typical feature of pile tissue is that it is closed with loops on one or both sides of the tissue. In these textures, two-sided warp yarn is used.